What are Adhesion and Peel-off?
A pressure-sensitive adhesive (PSA) tape is used in various fields because it can be applied instantaneously with rather weak pressure and it is easy to remove. Specifically, in various forefront industries, such as in the fabrication of liquid crystal panels, semiconductors, optical instruments, solar batteries, and in medical treatment, the automobile industry, architecture, and IT, the unique capability of PSA is applied to the production process as well as constitutive parts in devices.
PSA tape is valued at the three basic elements, the so-called tack test, its adhesion, and its shear holding power. In general, the purpose of the peel-off test is to measure adhesion forces quantitatively at 90° and 180° angles in response to JIS Z0237:2009.
At the angle of 180°, the result of the peel-off test is influenced by the thickness and degree of elasticity degree of the PSA tape. At an angle of 90°, the result of the peel-off test is less influenced by these characteristics of the tape and is more reliable and consistent for the evaluation of adhesion and cohesion. However, the test result is unsatisfactory at the present due to the deviation from a 90 °angle arising from the sagging and elongation of the tape.
Fig.2 The principle of the Flat Cross Stage method